Periodontal Plastic Surgery
Improving the appearance of gums that are too low or too high.
Gingival recession or a lack of gum tissue thickness can result in premature tooth loss, gingival inflammation, and increased risk for root cavities. Progressive recession and abnormal or unsightly gum levels (too high or too low) can be corrected or improved by periodontal plastic surgery (PPS). PPS is performed using microsurgical techniques and is usually well tolerated with few side effects. With the aid of advanced techniques and products such as connective tissue and tissue allografts, the cosmetic results have greatly improved. In addition, the use of biologic healing products has greatly accelerated the rate and quality of healing.
Most gum recession or abnormal gum lines are the result of periodontal disease, defective dentistry, a misaligned bite (malocclusion), or genetic/developmental errors in facial growth and development. Many gum defects actually begin when the baby teeth are lost and the adult teeth do not erupt properly through the gum pad. The tooth often erupts through fragile, stretchy cheek tissue (mucosa) rather that strong, fibrous gum (gingiva). This fragile tissue gives the appearance of a normal gum line early in life, but will progressively recede as the years pass.
Palatal Gingival Graft